Friday Sermon – 22nd November 2019

Friday Sermon – 22nd November 2019


Allah is the Greatest,
Allah is the Greatest
Allah is the Greatest,
Allah is the Greatest
I bear witness that there is none
worthy of worship except Allah
I bear witness that there is none
worthy of worship except Allah
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw)
is the Messenger of Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad (saw)
is the Messenger of Allah.
Come to Prayer
Come to Prayer
Come to success
Come to success
Allah is the Greatest,
Allah is the Greatest.
There is none worthy of
worship except Allah.
Peace be upon you all, I bear witness that there is none
worthy of worship except Allah He is alone and has no partner and I bear witness that Muhammad (saw)
is His Servant and Messenger After this I seek refuge with
Allah from Satan the accursed. In the name of Allah, the
Gracious, the Merciful. All praise belongs to Allah,
Lord of all the worlds. The Gracious, the Merciful. Master of the Day of Judgment. Thee alone do we worship and
Thee alone do we implore for help. Guide us in the right path – The path of those on whom Thou
hast bestowed Thy blessings, those who have not incurred displeasure, and those who have not gone astray. In continuation of the accounts of
the lives of the badri companions, today I will mention Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad,
whose original name is Miqdad (ra) bin ‘Amr. Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s father’s
name was ‘Amr bin Tha’labah, who belonged to the
tribe of Bani Tha’labah. However, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was named
with reference to Aswad Bin Yaghooth because he adopted him
when he was a child. Hence, he came to be known
as Miqdad (ra) Bin Aswad. Amr bin Tha’labah, the father of Hazrat
Miqdad (ra), belonged to the tribe of Bahraa which is one of the tribes
of Khuza’ah in Yemen. During the Era of Ignorance, Amr, i.e. the
father of Hazrat Miqdad (ra), killed someone due to which he fled to Hadharamaut which
is a coastal area, east of Aden, in Yemen. There he became a confederate of the Kindah
tribe due to which he was called Kindi. Amr later married a woman from that area
from whom Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was born. When Miqdad (ra) grew older he had
a fight with Abu Shimr bin Hajr Kindi during which he cut off Shimr’s leg
with his sword and then fled to Mecca and became a confederate of
Aswad bin Abdi Yaghooth. Miqdad (ra) then sent a letter to his father
upon which he also returned to Mecca. Aswad then adopted Miqdad (ra), hence, he
started to be referred to as Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad and was commonly known by this name. However, when the verse:
(Arabic – Holy Quran 33:6) was revealed meaning, “Call them (the adopted children)
by the names of their fathers.” He then began to be called
Miqdad (ra) Bin Amr. However, he was more renowned by
the name of Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad. Thus, this is the commandment
of Allah the Almighty: (Arabic – Holy Quran 33:6) That is, even if they are someone’s adopted
children, they in fact be called by the names of their actual fathers for the true lineage
is considered to be from the father. Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s title was Abu Ma’bad
but in addition this, Abu Aswad, Abu Umar and Abu Sa’eed are also
reported as his titles. Once, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and Hazrat Abdur
Rahman (ra) bin Auf were sitting together and Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra)
asked why he was not married yet. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) replied, “Since you are asking
me, why do you not marry your daughter with me?” Hazrat Abdur Rahman (ra) became
angry at that comment and rebuked him. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) complained about this
incident to the Holy Prophet (saw) upon which the Holy Prophet (saw) stated that
he will arrange for his marriage. After that, the Holy Prophet (saw) married
Dhuba’ah, the daughter of his uncle, Hazrat Zubair bin ’Abdul Muttalib (ra)
to Hazrat Miqdad (ra). Hazrat Duba’ah (ra) was the daughter of Hazrat
Zubair (ra) and Hazrat Aatiqah (ra) Bint Wahb. The Holy Prophet (saw) married
her to Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and they had two children
named Kareemah and Abdullah. Abdullah was martyred during the Battle of Jamal
whilst fighting from Hazrat Aishah (ra)’s side. The Holy Prophet (saw) once granted
Dhuba’ah (ra) 40 wasaq dates from Khayber, which amounts to 250 mann
which is around 600 kg. One of Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s
son was Ma’bad. Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s daughter, whilst describing
his appearance, states that he was tall, of wheatish complexion, had a large stomach
and had voluminous hair on his head. He used to dye his beard with henna
which looked extremely beautiful. His beard was neither
too long not too short. He had black eyes and
thin, long eyebrows. The account of Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s
acceptance of Islam is as follows: Hazrat Abdullah bin Masud (ra)
narrates that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was among those first seven companions,
who professed belief in Islam in Mecca. I have previously already
mentioned the details of this account in relation to
Hazrat Ammar bin Yasir (ra). With regards to Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s
migration towards Medina, it is stated that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was among
the Muslims, who migrated towards Abyssinia. However, a short while
later, he returned to Mecca. When the Holy Prophet (saw)
migrated towards Medina, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was not
able to join in the migration. Hence, he remained in Mecca
until the Holy Prophet (saw) dispatched an army under the leadership
of Hazrat Ubaida (ra) bin Harith. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and Hazrat
Utbah (ra) bin Ghazwan joined the army under the
command of Ikrimah bin Abi Jahl with the intention of joining the Muslims
whenever they would find an opportunity to do so. I have previously mentioned
the details of this incident. However, I will briefly mention the details
which Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra) has recorded in Seerat Khatam-un-Nabiyyeen [The
Life and Character of the Seal of Prophets (saw)]. It is as follows: “Upon his return from the
Ghazwah of Waddan, in the month of Rabi‘ul-Awwal, “the Holy Prophet (saw) dispatched
a company of the Muhajirin, “comprising of seventy
men mounted on camels, “in the leadership of a close relative,
Ubaidah bin Al-Harith Muttalibi (ra). “The objective of this campaign was also to
forestall the attacks of the Quraish of Mecca. “As such, when Ubaidah bin Al-Harith (ra)
and his companions covered some ground “and arrived close to Thaniyyatul-Murrah, they
suddenly noticed that 200 armed young men “had set up camp in the command
of ‘Ikramah bin Abu Jahl. “The two parties encountered one another and a
few arrows were exchanged in a confrontation. “However, this group of idolaters then stood
down from further conflict due to the fear “that the Muslims probably had hidden
reinforcements at their disposal and consequently, “the Muslims did not pursue them. “Albeit, two individuals from the army of
the idolaters named Miqdad (ra) bin Amr “and Utbah bin Ghazwan (ra) fled from the command
of Ikramah bin Abi Jahl and joined the Muslims. “It is written that they set out with
the Quraish for this very purpose, “so that they could find an
opportunity to join the Muslims. “The reason being, that
they were Muslims at heart, “but could not migrate out of fear of
the Quraish due to their weakness. “Moreover, it is possible that this very
occurrence caused them to lose heart “and they decided to step back
considering this to be an evil omen. “History has not recorded whether this army of the
Quraish, which was definitely not a trade caravan “and regarding which Ibni Ishaq has used
the words Jamun Azeem (i.e., a grand army), “set out in this direction
with a specific objective. “However, it is definite that their
intentions were not favourable. “It was due to the Grace of God that
upon finding the Muslims vigilant “and upon witnessing some of their own men joining
the Muslims, they lost courage and retreated. “Moreover, a practical benefit which the
Companions derived from this campaign was “that two Muslim souls were delivered
from the tyranny of the Quraish.” At the time of the migration
towards Medina, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) stayed at the home of Hazrat
Kulthum (ra) bin Hidam. The Holy Prophet (saw)
formed a bond of brotherhood between Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and
Hazrat Jabbar (ra) bin Sakhr. The Holy Prophet (saw) granted Hazrat Miqdad (ra)
a place to stay in the area of Banu Hudaila, which is a branch of the
Ansar tribe of Khazraj. Hazrat Ubay (ra) bin Ka’b
invited him to stay in this area. The incident that is found in the Ahadith
in relation to three companions, who would set aside some goat’s
milk for the Holy Prophet (saw), but one night one of them ended up drinking it
all, in fact is in regards to Hazrat Miqdad (ra). Hazrat Miqdad (ra) relates, “Two companions
of mine and I migrated to Medina and our ears “and eyes were severely affected due
to the difficulties we had to endure. “We presented ourselves before the
companions of the Holy Prophet (saw) “in order to stay with one of
them, however no one took us in. “Hence, we went to the Holy Prophet (saw)
and he took us to his home. “The Holy Prophet (saw) had three
goats in his house and permitted us “that we could obtain
their milk for all of us.” He further states, “We obtained
the milk from the goats “and each one of us would drink his share “and we would also keep a portion
aside for the Holy Prophet (saw).” He further narrates, “The Holy Prophet (saw)
would come at night and say (Arabic), “in such a tone, so that it would not
disturb anyone who was asleep, “but one who was awake
would still be able to hear.” He states, “Following this, the Holy Prophet (saw)
would go to the mosque and pray “and after that he would take
his share of milk and drink it. “One evening, Satan approached me
after I had already had my share of milk.” That is, an evil thought
entered his heart. “Satan stated that the Holy Prophet (saw)
visits the Ansar and they present him with gifts “therefore he is not in need of this small amount
of drink which had been kept as his share.” He says, “Following this, I drank the portion of
milk I had kept aside for the Holy Prophet (saw). “Once it had entered my stomach,” The Arabs
had their unique way of expressing things, “I realized that there was no
possibility of obtaining it again.” He says, “Satan made me feel ashamed
and said that ‘May misfortune befall you. ‘What have you done? You have
taken the share of Muhammad (saw). ‘When he comes and would not find it, he will
pray against you and you will be destroyed ‘and your life in this world as well
as the hereafter will be ruined.’” What was it that made Hazrat Miqdad (ra)
entertain such a thought? In fact it was Satan who placed in the heart of
Hazrat Miqdad (ra) that the Holy Prophet (saw) will now pray against him, whereas the
Holy Prophet (saw) is a mercy for mankind, so why should he have to pray
against him over such a trivial matter? Hence, this thought itself was a
mere Satanic thought to suggest that the Holy Prophet (saw)
would pray against him. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) then says, “The thought
came to mind that the Holy Prophet (saw) “would pray against me and I would perish
and I would be in ruin in this life and the next. “I was wrapped in a cloth, but if I covered my
feet with it, my head would remain uncovered, “and if I covered my head with it, my feet
would remain uncovered and I could not sleep. “The other two companions had fallen asleep
and had not acted as I had,” i.e. drank the milk. “The Holy Prophet (saw) then arrived and
said ‘Peace be upon you’, as was his habit. “He then entered the mosque and
offered his Nawafil (voluntary) prayers. “Thereafter, he came towards his drink,”
i.e the glass of his which contained milk “and opened its lid but
found nothing inside it. “The Holy Prophet (saw) raised his head towards
the sky and I was observing this as I lay awake, “and I thought to myself that he would
now pray against me and I would perish. “However, he said, (Arabic) i.e. ‘O
Allah, feed the one who gives me food, ‘and grant drink to one
who provides me a drink.’” Hazrat Miqdad (ra) says, “When I heard this I
took my cloth and wrapped it tight over myself. “Since I was fully awake, I then went out with a
knife where there were goats standing outside “and went towards the
healthiest looking one, “so that I could slaughter it
for the Holy Prophet (saw). “When I reached there I realised
that its udders were full of milk, “rather all of the goats’
udders were full of milk. “I then brought a utensil from the
house of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and they would never have expected
that it would be filled to the top with milk. “I then milked the goats to the point
where the froth had reached the brim “and the bowl was completely filled. “I then went to the Holy
Prophet (saw) and he asked, ‘Did you all drink your
portion of milk tonight?’ “I replied, ‘Do not ask this question
O Messenger (saw) of Allah ‘and please take this milk.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) then drank some
of the milk and handed it back to me. “I then said, ‘O Messenger (saw)
of Allah, have more.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) then drank
some more and again handed it to me. “When I felt that the Holy Prophet (saw)
was full and had drank the milk to his fill, “I sensed that I had also become a recipient
of the prayer of the Holy Prophet (saw).” i.e. the Holy Prophet (saw) had prayed
to God to feed whoever feeds him and to give drink to one who
gives him something to drink. “Thus, I had received [of the blessings]
of the prayer of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and had also some of the milk to drink, and
so I began to laugh uncontrollably to the point “where I fell to the ground in laughter. “The Holy Prophet (saw) then said, ‘O Miqdad (ra),
is this some kind of light-hearted act of yours?” When the Holy Prophet (saw)
saw him laughing in this manner, he said it seemed to him as if he had done
something in a light-hearted manner. “I replied, ‘O Messenger (saw)
of Allah, this is what happened ‘and this is what I did as a result,’”
i.e. he then related the entire incident. “The Holy Prophet (saw) the said, ‘This is a mercy
from God Almighty, why did you not inform me ‘of this earlier so that we could
wake our two companions ‘to also drink and to
partake of this mercy?’ “I replied, ‘By He Who has sent you with
the truth, after you received this mercy ‘and I partook of it alongside you, I no longer
worried as to who else would receive this, ‘I only worried for myself as I was
the one who committed this error.’” Hazrat Miqdad (ra) participated in
the battles of Badr, Uhud, Khandaq and all other battles alongside
the Holy Prophet (saw). Hazrat Miqdad (ra) is mentioned as one
of the archers of the Holy Prophet (saw). Hazrat Abdullah bin Masud (ra)
states, “During the Battle of Badr, “I witnessed a particular moment in which
Hazrat Miqdad bin Aswad (ra) said something “that if it had happened to me, the
blessings of it would be even dearer to me “than all the pious
deeds I have carried out. “It so happened that Hazrat Miqdad (ra)
went to the Holy Prophet (saw) “as he was praying against
the disbelievers, and said, ‘O Messenger (saw) of Allah, we shall not utter
what the people of Moses (as) said to him, ‘that is: (Arabic) – ‘Go thou
and thy Lord and fight. ‘Certainly not! Rather, we shall
fight on your right and on your left ‘and in front of you and behind you.’ “I saw that the blessed countenance of the
Holy Prophet (saw) began to glow with joy “and he was really pleased with
what Hazrat Miqdad (ra) had said.” Some of the details of this account have
been mention in Seerat Khatam-ul-Nabiyeen with reference to the Battle of Badr. It states that, “When the Holy Prophet (saw)
learnt about the plans of the enemy, “he proceeded towards Badr, in order
to determine what their intentions were “and if it was to attack then
to defend against them. “The Holy Prophet (saw) stopped at a place
near Rauha and it was from this very place “that the Holy Prophet (saw) sent two Companions
named Basees and Adiyy towards Badr, “in order to gather intelligence
with respect to enemy movements; “and instructed that they
return swiftly with intelligence. “Proceeding forth from Rauha’ when
the Companions reached Zafran, “passing through one side of the Valley of
Safra, which is only one Manzil short of Badr, “news was received that a powerful army
of the Quraish was advancing from Mecca. “Since the time for maintaining secrecy
had now passed, the Holy Prophet (saw) “gathered all of the Companions
and informed them of this news. “Then he sought their council
as to what should be done. “Some Companions submitted, ‘O Messenger of Allah!
Taking into consideration our apparent means, ‘it seems more appropriate
to confront the caravan, ‘because we have not yet fully
prepared ourselves to fight the army.’ “When the Holy Prophet (saw)
left from Medina, “many of the companions had no idea
that this could even result in battle. “In fact, all they knew was that
there was a caravan approaching “and they had set out to determine its intentions
and if this caravan seeks to attack against them “then they will fight back as it
would only be a small caravan. “Hence, when the companions
left medina, none of them thought “that they were leaving to engage
in a full battle with an army. “In any case, when the Holy Prophet (saw)
asked them about their opinion, “some of them stated that since
they cannot fight against the army “therefore better not to
engage in battle with army. “However, the Holy Prophet (saw)
did not approve of this suggestion. “On the other hand, when the most eminent from
among the Companions heard this suggestion, “they would stand up and deliver
passionate addresses and submitted that, ‘Our lives and our wealth belong to God. ‘We offer ourselves to
serve on any front.’ “As such, Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad, who was
also known as Miqdad (ra) bin Amr said: ‘O Messenger (saw) of Allah! We are
not like the disciples of Moses (as) ‘so that we should tell you, ‘Go thou and thy Lord and
fight, and here we sit.’ ‘Rather, we affirm that you may go
wherever you wish, we are with you, ‘and shall fight to your right, and to your
left, and in front of you and behind you.’ “When the Holy Prophet (saw) heard this address,
his blessed countenance began to glow with joy. “Yet, despite this, the Holy Prophet (saw)
waited for a comment from the Ansar, “and desired that they
should also say something. “This was because the Holy Prophet (saw)
thought that the Ansar perhaps believed “that according to the Bai‘at at Aqabah, their
obligation was to stand up in defence only, “in the case that Medina was attacked. “Hence, despite such passionate addresses,
the Holy Prophet (saw) would continue “to seek counsel as to
what should be done. “Sa‘d bin Mu‘adh (ra), chieftain of the Aus,
understood this desire of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and submitted on behalf of the
Ansar: ‘O Messenger of Allah! ‘Perhaps it is our counsel that you seek. ‘By God! when we have believed in you as being
truthful, and have placed our hands in your hand, ‘then go forth wherever you
desire, we are with you. ‘We swear by that Being, Who has sent you with the
truth, that if you order us to dive into the sea, ‘we shall dive into it, and not a
single one of us shall hold back. ‘God-willing, you shall find us steadfast
in battle and shall witness from us ‘that which shall be the
delight of your eyes.’ “When the Holy Prophet (saw) heard this address
he was over overjoyed and said: (Arabic). ‘Go forth then in the name of Allah,
because Allah has promised me ‘that He shall definitely grant us
victory over one of these two parties,’” i.e., the army and the caravan. ‘I swear by God that at this very
time I am witnessing the places ‘where the enemy men
shall fall after being slain.’” In another narration regarding the Battle
of Badr it is stated that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was the first person who fought whilst on
horseback and the name of his horse was Sabhah. In one narration it is stated that during the
Battle of Badr, the Muslims had 2 horses. Hazrat Ali (ra) states: “During the
Battle of Badr we had two horses; one belonged to Zubair bin A’wam and the
second belonged to Miqdad (ra) bin Aswad. According to Ibn-e-Hisham, in the Battle
of Badr the Muslims had 3 horses; one belonged to Hazrat Marsad (ra) bin
Abu Marsad, whose name was Subul, one belonged to Hazrat Miqdad (ra)
bin Aswad and it was called Ba’zajah and one belonged to Hazrat Zubair (ra)
bin A’wam, whose name was Ya’soob. Hazrat Mirza Bashir Ahmad Sahib (ra)
has analysed various historical sources and written in Sirat Khataman Nabiyyin
that during the Battle of Badr, the Muslims only had two horses. In some books it is recorded that the
Muslims had three and as mentioned, there are others which
state the number to be five. Nonetheless, whether there were
two, three or five horses, it is a proven fact that there
was no comparison between the arms owned by the Muslims
when compared to that of the disbelievers. When compared with the equipment
owned by the disbelievers, it could be said that the Muslims
were unarmed in contrast. However, despite all of this, when
they stood up against their enemy, the Muhajireen and the Ansar fulfilled the pledge
they had made with the Holy Prophet (saw). Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Amr Kindi was
a confederate of the Banu Zuhra tribe and he participated in the Battle of
Badr alongside the Holy Prophet (saw). On one occasion he asked the Holy Prophet (saw):
“O Messenger of Allah (saw)! “If I come up against one of the disbelievers
and a fight ensues between us in “which he manages to cut one of my
hands, but then that disbeliever runs away “and seeks shelter behind a tree saying
that he accepts Islam for the sake of God, “should I kill him then?” The Holy Prophet (saw) replied:
“You must not kill him.” Hazrat Miqdad (ra) said: “O Messenger (saw) of
Allah! Even if he has cut off one of my hands “and then claimed to be a Muslim?” The Holy Prophet (saw) replied,
“You must not kill him, for if you do, “he would attain that rank which you were
given prior to the time you killed him” i.e. the disbeliever who was killed
would be granted the rank the Muslim enjoyed after professing belief and the Muslim would in turn be given the rank of
the disbeliever prior to him reciting the Kalima. “Thus, the Holy Prophet (saw) was
presented with a hypothetical scenario “in which a disbeliever cuts the hand of a
Muslim, then seeks shelter behind a tree “and recites the Kalimah, “saying that he accepts Islam for the sake
of God, should one still go after him. “To this the Holy Prophet (saw) replied in the
negative and said that if he still killed him, “then the disbeliever would become
a believer and the believer – “despite professing belief [in Islam and the Holy
Prophet (saw)] “would be in the place
of that disbeliever. “This is the status of a person
who recites the Kalima “and this right has been established
by the Holy Prophet (saw). “[In contrast] ponder over the actions of the
so called scholars and Islamic Governments. “If only they would analyse their own
conditions and see in light of this hadith, “whether they are acting
believers or disbelievers? “The camels belonging to the Holy Prophet (saw)
were being grazed outside of Medina “by a shepherd and his wife, who
were of the Banu Ghaffar tribe. “Uyainah bin Hissan from
the Banu Fuzarah tribe, “along with some men on horseback from the
Banu Ghatfan tribe attacked the shepherd. “They killed the shepherd and took
his wife and the camels with them. “Hazrat Salamah (ra) bin Akwa
was the first to learn about them “and the slave of Hazrat Talha bin Ubaidallah
also went behind them on horseback. “They reached Thaniyatul Wida’a,
which is the name of a valley. “There are varying opinions regarding
this valley; some are of the opinion “that it is an area outside of Medina, and this
is where the people would go to bid farewell “to those travelling towards Mecca. “According to another narration, this was an
area outside of Medina in the direction of Syria “and on the return from the Battle of Tabuk, “the people of Medina came to
receive the Holy Prophet (saw) here. “Similarly, [it is said that] the
Holy Prophet (saw) accompanied some armies up “to this point before sending
them off to their expedition. “Nonetheless, when Salamah (ra) bin Akwa arrived
there, he saw Uyainah and his fellow accomplices. “He climbed a hillock near Medina called
Sil’ah and raised the slogan: ‘Ya Sabahah,’ “which was the
slogan for help. “Then Hazrat Salamah (ra) let a burst
of arrows and gave chase after them. “He managed to divert the
direction they were heading. “Upon hearing the cries of Hazrat
Salamah (ra), the Holy Prophet (saw) “made an announcement to leave
and confront the enemy immediately. “The cavalry responded to the call
of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and the first from among them
was Hazrat Miqdad (ra). “When the Holy Prophet (saw)
planned for the conquest of Mecca, “he decided to keep
the entire plan a secret. “Even though the Companions (ra) were
making all the preparations to depart, “however, it was not common knowledge
that the intended direction was Mecca. “During this time, a Badri Companion, Hazrat
Hatim (ra) bin Abi Balta’h, out of his simplicity “and innocence, secretly wrote
a letter which outlined the plan “and gave it to a woman
who was from Mecca. “The woman took the letter, but the Holy
Prophet (saw) received news of this “and sent Hazrat Ali (ra)
along with two companions; “one of whom was Hazrat Miqdad (ra), to
go after the woman and retrieve the letter. “Hazrat Ali (ra) narrates: “The Holy Prophet (saw)
sent myself, Zubair (ra) and Miqdad (ra) and said: ‘Go to Raudatu Khaakh. ‘There will be a woman travelling on a camel
and will have a letter which you must retrieve.’ “Hence, we travelled swiftly on
horseback and reached the woman. “We asked her to hand over the letter, however,
she replied that she did not have any letter. “We then said that she would
have to produce the letter, “otherwise we would have to
remove her clothes [to search for it]. “She then removed the letter
from the ties within her hair, “which we took back to
the Holy Prophet (saw). “The [aforementioned] companion had written this
letter to the disbelievers out of his simplicity. “Since the entire plan was kept a secret,
this would have disclosed all the plans. “Nonetheless, God Almighty informed
the Holy Prophet (saw) about the letter, “which was then retrieved. “Musa bin Yaqoob narrates from his paternal
aunt, who in turn narrated from her mother “that the Holy Prophet (saw) would give
Hazrat Miqdad (ra) 15 wasq of barely “from the produce of Khayber on a yearly basis – “this is equal to approximately 56.25 mann
[ancient unit of measure] annually – “and we sold this through Mua’wiyya
bin Abi Sufyan for 100,000 dirhams. “This was an annual income. “Perhaps this amount was a few years
of produce, or it was regular produce “that was sold because 56 mann
alone could not be of that value. “Hazrat Miqdad (ra) also
participated in the Battle of Yarmuk “and in this battle he was the
Qari [reciter of the Quran]. “After the Battle of Badr, the Holy Prophet (saw)
established the practice that during the battle, “Surah Al Anfal ought to be recited. “Even after the demise of the Holy
Prophet (saw), this practice was upheld. “During one expedition, the Holy Prophet (saw)
appointed Hazrat Miqdad (ra) “as the leader of the
army for that expedition. “When he returned, the Holy Prophet (saw)
asked: ‘O Abu Ma’bad (ra)! ‘How was your experience
as leader of the army?’ “He replied: ‘O Messenger of Allah!
When I departed, ‘I began to feel as if everyone
was a servant of mine.’ “The Holy Prophet (saw) replied: ‘O
Abu Ma’bad! This indeed is the case, ‘except for the one whom Allah the Almighty
safeguards from the evils of this position.’ “Miqdad (ra) stated:
‘There is no doubt in this. ‘I swear by the One Who
sent you as a Prophet, ‘I do not even wish to be
appointed leader over two people. ‘This was an experience in which I
felt as if everyone became my slaves, ‘therefore I have come to the conclusion ‘that I never wish to be appointed
a leader over even two people.’” This was the level of their righteousness,
in that if one is appointed to an office, it could develop a sense
of arrogance within them, therefore one did not even wish to be
appointed as a leader over two men. Thus, everyone from among us who is appointed
over another ought to be mindful of this. Firstly, one should never
desire [to be made a leader], but then when one is appointed
in a position of authority, they ought to pray to God Almighty to
safeguard them from the evils of their position, that may God never allow
arrogance to develop within them and they should always
seek the blessings of God. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was with Hazrat Ubaidah
(ra) bin Jarrah during the siege of Homs and also participated in
the conquest of Egypt. In 20 AH, when the leader of the Muslim Army,
Hazrat Amr (ra) bin A’as requested the Khalifa for reinforcements, Hazrat Umar (ra) dispatched
an army of 10,000 soldiers and 4 officers, one of whom was Hazrat Miqdad (ra)
– to help the Muslim army. Hazrat Umar (ra) wrote to them saying:
“Each one of these officers is equal “to 1000 men of the enemy.” In fact, as soon as the reinforcements arrived,
the battle shifted in favour of the Muslims and in a short space of time, the land
that once belonged to the Pharaoh’s, began to proclaim the Oneness of God. Jubair bin Nufair relates: “Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin
Aswad once came to see us regarding a matter. “We said to him: ‘May Allah grant
you peace and a healthy life. ‘Please do sit with us until we have finished
attending to the matter you requested of us.’ “He said: ‘I am astonished at
the condition of the people. ‘I have just passed by a people who are
desiring things which would lead to strife. ‘They thought that God Almighty would
put them into trial in the same manner ‘in which He tried the Holy Prophet (saw)
and his companions.’ “Hazrat Miqdad (ra) further said: ‘I
have heard the Holy Prophet (saw) say ‘that fortunate is the one who is
safeguarded from all discord. ‘The Holy Prophet (saw) repeated this three times
and then said that if one experiences hardship, ‘then they ought to show patience.’” Thus, one should not pray for any
hardship or to be put in a trial. However, if they experience any hardship
then they ought to demonstrate patience and remain steadfast as
opposed to showing cowardice. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was of a heavy
stature but would still take part in Jihad. Once Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was sitting
next to a goldsmith’s jewellery chest and appeared to be even
larger than the chest. Someone once said to him that God Almighty
had granted him exemption from participating in the Jihad as he was of an extremely
heavy build, similarly as mentioned earlier that his daughter also stated that
he had a very large stomach. However, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) replied that
the following command in Surah Bahus – which is another name for Surah al-Taubah
as it mentions the hypocrites and exposes their secret plans – has
made it obligatory upon him, which is: (Arabic – Holy Quran 9:41) “Go forth, light and heavy.” Hazrat Musleh Maud (ra) has explained the
term Khifafan [light] and Thiqalan [heavy] and stated that in this verse, the
Muslims have been instructed to go forth for Jihad in
the way of God Almighty and not allow any hindrance
to come in their way. The terms, Khifafan [light] and Thiqalan
[heavy] have multiple meanings; it could mean whether one is old or young,
alone or in a group, on foot or on a mount, armed on unarmed or
possessing adequate provisions. In light of the multiple connotations of
the words, Hazrat Miqdad (ra) interpreted this to be light or heavy in build and thus fulfilled his desire of
participating in the Jihad. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) had a very large stomach
and a Christian slave of his once stated that he would make an incision into his
abdominal area and remove all the fat. They also had a procedure in those days to remove
the fat just as it is done nowadays as well. In any case, he cut his
stomach and removed the fat and then re-stitched his
stomach back together. However, this procedure resulted
in Hazrat Miqdad (ra)’s demise. He perhaps contracted an
infection and could not recover. Upon witnessing this, the slave ran away. In another narration from Abu Faid, it
states that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) passed away due to drinking
Castrol oil. Karima, the daughter of Hazrat Miqdad (ra) stated
that Hazrat Miqdad (ra) passed away in Juruf, which is situated three miles from Medina and
people carried his body on their shoulders and brought it back to Medina. Hazrat Uthman (ra) led his funeral prayer
and he was then buried in Jannat-ul-Baqi. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) passed away in
33 AH at the age of approximately 70. Ibn Buraida relates from his father
that the Holy Prophet (saw) stated that God Almighty commanded him to love 4
people and that He also loves these 4 individuals. The Holy Prophet (saw) was asked about
who these 4 individuals were and he replied – This narration is from Ibn Majah
and in various times has been reported in a different manner but this
particular narration mentions this. that it was Ali (ra), which
he repeated three times, and then stated that the names of Abu
Zhur (ra), Salman (ra) and Miqdad (ra). Hazrat Ali (ra) narrates that the
Holy Prophet (saw) stated that every prophet has been
granted 7 noble companions. The narrator states that perhaps the word
used was guardians instead of companions. However, the Holy Prophet (saw)
stated that he was granted 14. He states that they asked who these individuals
were and the Holy Prophet (saw) stated that it was Hazrat Ali (ra), his two sons, Hassan
(ra) and Hussain (ra), Jaffar (ra), Hamza (ra), Abu Bkar (ra), Umar (ra), Musab bin Umair (ra),
Bilal (ra), Salman (ra), Ammar (ra), Miqdad (ra), Hudhaifah (ra), Abu Zhur (ra)
and Abdullah bin Masud (ra). This narration is from Sunan Tirmadhi. One of the verse of Surah Al-An`am in the Holy
Quran is as follows: (Arabic – Holy Quran 6:53) “And drive not away those who call
upon their Lord morning and evening, “seeking His countenance. “Thou art not at all accountable for them
nor are they at all accountable for thee, “that thou shouldst drive them
away and be of the unjust.” In relation to this verse,
Hazrat Sa’d (ra) states – this narration is also
recorded in Ibn Majah – that this verse was revealed regarding
6 individuals, one of them was him i.e. Hazrat Sa’d (ra) himself), Ibn
Masud (ra), Suhaib (ra), Ammar (ra), Miqdad (ra) and Bilal (ra). Hazrat Sa’d (ra) states that
the reason for this was that the Quraish said to
the Holy Prophet (saw) that they cannot allow themselves
to be subordinate to these individuals
therefore drive them away. The narrator further states that God
Almighty revealed to the Holy Prophet (saw) what He desired for him to
respond, which was: (Arabic) “And drive not away those who call
upon their Lord morning and evening, “seeking His countenance.” In any case, whatever the context was
behind the revelation of this verse, however this was the response that
the Holy Prophet (saw) gave to them. According to a narration, Hazrat
Miqdad (ra) was the first companion who for the sake of God Almighty,
took part in battle on horseback, which has briefly been
mentioned before as well. Once Hazrat Miqdad (ra) went
towards Baqi, which was a graveyard, to answer the call of nature
and entered a wilderness. In those days, they would tend to
the call of nature after 2-3 days as they had very little food
available and their stool would be like the small droppings
of a camel. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) was sitting
when he noticed a mouse. The mouse took out a Dinar from a small
hole and then went back into the hole and took out another Dinar and continued to
take out the Dinar until there were 17 Dinar. Thereafter, he took out
a piece of red cloth. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) states that he pulled
the piece of cloth and found another Dinar, and thus there were
now 18 Dinar in total. He took these coins and went to the Holy
Prophet (saw) and related the entire incident and submitted, “O Prophet (saw) of Allah!
Please accept this as Sadaqah [charity/alms].” The Holy Prophet (saw) replied, “This
is not Sadaqah; you can keep it “and God Almighty shall grant
blessings to this wealth for you.” The Holy Prophet (saw) then stated that
perhaps he had put his hand into the hole, “however Hazrat Miqdad (ra) submitted,
“By God, Who has granted you honour “by bestowing the truth upon you, “I did not put my hand inside the hole, “in fact God Almighty provided
this for me just as I mentioned.” Jubair bin Nufair relates that they were once
sat in a gathering along with Hazrat Miqdad (ra) and someone walked by and said,
“How blessed are those eyes, “which have beheld
the Holy Prophet (saw). “By God, it is an ardent desire of my heart
that we also be granted the opportunity “to witness what you did.” He was referring to the
Companions (ra) and wished that he also was able to
witness what they did. Upon hearing this, Hazrat
Miqdad (ra) became angry. The narrator states that with great
astonishment he said to Hazrat Miqdad (ra) that the individual had
spoke with good intention. Hazrat Miqdad (ra) turned to him and
said, “What exactly is it from that era “which has instilled this desire in this
individual that he too be part of that era “which God Almighty kept him away from.” He then further states, “Who knows that if he
were granted the opportunity to be in that era, “what his condition would have
been! By God, there were “also those who witnessed the
era of the Holy Prophet (saw) “and yet were cast into hell by God Almighty “because they failed to accept the truthfulness
of the Holy Prophet (saw). “Thus, who knows what would have
been the condition of this individual “because had he not accepted the truth, he
would have been thrown into the hell-fire.” He then further states, “Why do
you not praise Allah the Almighty “for He granted you life in an age “where you recognise your Lord
Alone and do not commit any Shrik; “you affirm your belief in
the Holy Prophet (saw) “and accept the truthfulness of the
Shariah [religious law] he has brought “and God Almighty has saved
you from trial through others.” The people of that era had to endure great trials, however God Almighty had
saved them from such trials and thus they ought to be
grateful to God Almighty. Then he stated, “By God, the Holy Prophet (saw) “was sent by God Almighty
during the era of ignorance “and during the era of Fitrat-e-Wahy, which
was one of the most difficult periods “after the period of any other prophet.” Fitra refers to the prolonged period
between one prophet and the next in which the revelation that is specifically
granted to a prophet is not revealed. And so, he stated that in this period
where there was no revelation and the Holy Prophet (saw)’s
advent had not taken place was a very prolonged
period and Shirk had become widespread. He stated, “This was a very difficult
period; people would worship idols “and would not grant superiority
to anything above them. “The Holy Prophet (saw)
then came with a clear sign “which distinguished
between truth and falsehood. “Likewise, it drew distinctions
between even a father and son “in that one would
consider their father, “son or brother as a disbeliever, “until God Almighty did not open
their hearts to accept the truth. “Such a person would remain
anxious over their loved ones, “for they would know that unless they did
not accept the truth, they will enter hell.” i.e. those who accepted Islam would
then be concerned about their relatives because they knew that if they did not accept and
opposed the truth then they will be cast to hell. “It was for this reason that God Almighty
stated: (Arabic – Holy Quran 25:75) “And those who say, ‘Our Lord, grant us of our
wives and children the delight of our eyes’” Thus, one should always offer this prayer so that
the future progenies also remain firm on faith and be thankful to Allah the Almighty
for the blessings He has granted them. Hazrat Anas (ra) relates
that the Holy Prophet (saw) once heard someone reciting
the Holy Qur’an out aloud and stated, “This individual has
the fear of Allah within him”. This individual was in fact
Hazrat Miqdad (ra) bin Amr. May God Almighty also grant us
the true understanding of Islam and enable us to
do true justice of being among the Ummah
of the Holy Prophet (saw) and instil the fear of
God Almighty within us. All praise is due to Allah. We laud Him, we beseech help
from Him and ask His protection; we confide in Him, we trust Him alone and we seek protection against
the evils and mischief of our souls and from the bad results of our deeds. Whomsoever He guides on the
right path, none can misguide him; and whosoever He declares misled,
none can guide him onto the right path. And we bear witness that none deserves
to be worshipped except Allah. We bear witness that Muhammad
is His servant and Messenger. O servants of Allah! May
Allah be merciful to you. Verily, Allah commands you to act with
justice, to confer benefits upon each other and to do good to others as
one does to one ‘s kindred and forbids evil which
pertain to your own selves and evils which affect others and prohibits
revolts against a lawful authority. He warns you against being unmindful. You remember Allah; He
too will remember you; call Him and He will make
a response to your call. And verily divine remembrance
is the highest virtue.

16 COMMENTS

    جزاک اللہ پیارے آقا ایداللہ تعالی کا ہمیں صحابہ رضی اللہ تعالے کے بارے میں پیارے پیارے واقعات سنانے کا اللہ تعالی ہمیں ان کے نقش قدم پر چلنے کی توفیق عطافرماۓ اور جان سے پیارے حضور اید اللہ تعالی کو صحت و سلامتی والی لمبی عمر عطا فرماۓ اور آپ کا بابرلت سائہ تادیر ہمارے سروں پر سلامت رکھے آمین

    JazakAllah huzoor
    Ap apni jamaat kay liye bht kuch karty hain or hum jesy log apka khutba bhi bht mushkilon sy sunty hain Allah ta'ala humain jamaat ki taraf any ki or isi achi tarhaan samjhny ki tofeeq de ameen

    Ini ma aka ya Masroor

    اللہ تعالیٰ ہمارے بارے حضور کو صحت و تندرستی عطا فرمائے اور ہر ملک میں حفاظت فرمائے آمین اللہ تعالیٰ حم سب کو نیک بندوں میں شامل کرے

    AsSalamualikum wa Rahmatullah wa Barakatuh my dear Huzur.
    MashaAllah Alhamdulillaha Alhamdulillah ALLAH humma Ameen Ahmmadiyya Muslim Jamaat it's true Muslim Jamaat.

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